HOW TO: read a crochet pattern – part 2

– all the details & terms you need to know

Copy of Beginners (2) (6)

This is the second part of the blog series teaching all about “HOW TO READ A CROCHET PATTERN”. Today you will learn about materials, abbreviations, stitch explanations & charts.

Read the first part here: HOW TO: read a crochet pattern – part 1.
Understanding a crochet pattern can be both hard & frustrating at times. All crochet designers will have their own way to describe essentially the same thing. This means a lot if confusion if you don’t understand the terms in the first place. Read this, understand the terms & read crochet patterns like a pro.



This is a list of what you will be needing to finish the crochet pattern.


The most important information for a crochet pattern will be what crochet hook size & yarn you will need.  Mostly a crochet pattern has a specific yarn & hook suggested, however you can change this up & use your favorite hook & yarn. Then you will need to make a test square to see if the gauge given for the pattern fits yours or if you will need to change the number of stitches.

The crochet hook sizes is given like this in my crochet patterns:

Hook size: xx mm (US size)

(Hook size: 6,5 mm (K))


For the yarn information I will always include the yarn weight, & the link to the yarn on Ravelry. On Ravelry you can search up almost every yarn you can buy in their yarn library. There you can also find all information & details about the yarn.

The yarn is given like this:







Skeins: The number needed.


Under materials I will also list any other materials needed for the crochet pattern. This can be a needle, thread, fabric, buttons or etc.



When writing a crochet pattern it is common to write the descriptions with abbreviations. This makes the pattern shorter & when you know the abbreviations easier to read. I will always list the abbreviations used in the crochet pattern here. This means you can always find what the abbreviations means.

It will look like this:

ch           =chains (s)

sc            =single crochet

dc           =double crochet

sl st        =slip stitch

yo           =yarn over


Stitch Explanations (charts):

This is the part where any special stitches is explained. In most of my crochet patterns it will be necessary to use special stitches, however they are mostly easy to learn.  The crochet patterns will for the most take it for granted that you already know “The Basic crochet stitches”. But you can also find them in the link there.

The crochet stitch explanations will include both a written description & a chart in my crochet patterns. The charts will also have a stitch guide, in that way you will know how each stitch look.


The written description will look like this (using the Bubblepattern as an example):

*draw up a loop, yarn over, draw up a loop, yarn over, pull through all, chain one – skip the next stitch* repeat.

Start rows with ch 1 & end rows with sc.

This will give you the step by step action to finish the stitch.


The chart will look like this (using the Bubblepattern as an example):

bubblepatternbuble - stitch legend

As you can see there is a stitch legend telling you what type of stitch is what. The black triangle is the start & the white triangle is the end.

Starting by the black triangle you will chain 10 stitches as row 1. Then you will start row 2 with one chain & continue with the bubble until you finish with one single crochet. Then do the exact same for row 3 & 4. Going back & forward.

You can see that the bubble will go in to the “chain part” of the bubble every time. You can also see that you will do the bubble in every other chain from row one.


Reading charts can be a bit scary in the beginning, but if you find the start & read the stitch legend you will be able to figure it out slowly.


In addition to the information given in my crochet patterns you will also find all my special stitches on the blog with both a picture & video guide. This helps!


What’s next?

Now you can check out/wait for the next part of this blog series or you can go back to the previous blog post.

I will also recommend that you test a crochet pattern & see if you understand.

Any questions? Let me know – email or comment.



HOW TO: read a crochet pattern – part 1 – skill level, size & measurement, & gauge.

HOW TO: read a crochet pattern – part 2 (this post) – materials, abbreviations, stitch explanations & charts.

HOW TO: read a crochet pattern – part 3 – diagram, notes, instruction, finishing & care instructions.